Rural Water Supply


Rural water Supply

Almost Half of India’s population live in rural areas and are of low income groups. The poor rural population lack access to basic water supply and safe sanitation, which result not only in tremendous human health and economic costs but also create gender and other societal inequalities Water supply and sanitation support in rural areas is more challenging due to the settlements location mostly in environmentally fragile areas; development models dominated by diverse cultural values, poor economic condition, and associated cost recovery challenges. In many cases, scattered settlements, dominated by agro- based economy and limited water resources give rise to challenges for infrastructure provision. Most of the existing water infrastructure is decentralized systems Rural population often depend on local water sources (wells, hand pumps, river), which are in many cases contaminated.


Water supply to rural communities can be sourced from rainwater, groundwater or spring/surface water. Through simple rainwater harvesting techniques, household as well as community needs for water in arid and semi-arid regions, where no other water sources are available or feasible, can be met. The National Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP) guidelines emphasize the involvement of the Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) and communities in planning, implementing and managing drinking water supply schemes, along with capacity

building and M&E systems. Recently, the Ministry of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation has prepared its long term strategic plan for ensuring drinking water security to all rural households. In our idea the rural people lack access to appropriate, low-cost and locally produced technology for water, sanitation and hygiene needs. The advanced and urba focused technologies will not fit the rural case. The technologies should also take into account other issues, such as energy efficient and uses of natural treatment systems, which are robust and low cost and public participation must be encouraged for taking care of these technologies in the rural areas. Participation of NGOs and CSR companies to fund such projects and combining them with the number of government policies and initiatives will help us achieve this goal much faster. Like the’ facilitating tap connections to every household will be a major leap in achieving sanitation goals and preventing contamination of the water bodies by taking the point of use at a distance from source water For instance washing clothes in the local water bodies can be avoided if water reaches their homes and community areas. People will not go to the nearby ponds, lakes or rivers to wash clothes which contaminates the water. Open defecation even after many rural villages have community or private toilets built by government schemes or by some CSR funding is mainly because of the reason that the toilets don’t have water connection or the taps run dry as there is no source connection. It can be avoided by installing small scale water treatment plants beside their existing source water and create a reservoir to channel these water through pipes to their homes. Such decentralized plants will allow villagers access to clean water and will save a lot of time for other activities which will eventually add up to their as well as country’s productivity.


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